Location on Map of India
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Basic Facts about Delhi
- Formation of Union Territory:1956
- Formation of National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT): 1 February 1992
- Lt. Governor: Anil Baijal
- Chief Minister: Arvind Kejriwal (AAP)
- Deputy Chief Minister: Manish Sisodia
- Commissioner of Police: Amulya Patnaik
- Literacy (2011): 86.21%
- Sex ratio (2011): 868 ♀/1000
- It is bordered by the state of Haryana on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the east.
Symbols of Delhi
State Animal- Nilgai
State Bird- House sparrow
State Tree- Flamboyant
State Flower- Alfalfa
History of Delhi
- The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata.
- Qutb-ud-din laid the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk dynasty. He began construction of the Qutb Minar and Quwwat-alIslam mosque, the earliest extant mosque in India.
- Razia Sultan, daughter of Iltutmish, succeeded him as the Sultan of Delhi. She was the first and only woman to rule over Delhi.
- The Mughal dynasty ruled Delhi for more than three centuries, with a sixteen-year hiatus during the reigns of Sher Shah Suri and Hemu from 1540 to 1556.
- Shah Jahan built the seventh city of Delhi that bears his name Shahjahanabad, which served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1638 and is today known as the Old City or Old Delhi
- In 1783, Sikhs under Baghel Singh captured Delhi and Red Fort but due to the treaty signed, Sikhs withdrew from Red Fort and agreed to restore Shah Alam II as the emperor.
- In 1803, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the forces of British East India Company defeated the Maratha forces in the Battle of Delhi.
- The city came under the direct control of the British Government in 1858.
- The name “New Delhi” was given in 1927, and the new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931.
- New Delhi, also known as Lutyens’ Delhi, was officially declared as the capital of the Union of India after the country gained independence on 15 August 1947.
- Two prominent features of the geography of Delhi are the Yamuna flood plains and the Delhi ridge.
- The Yamuna river was the historical boundary between Punjab and UP, and its flood plains provide fertile alluvial soil suitable for agriculture but are prone to recurrent floods.
- The Hindon River separates Ghaziabad from the eastern part of Delhi.
- The Delhi ridge originates from the Aravalli Range in the south and encircles the west, north-east and north-west parts of the city.
2015 Legislative Assembly Elections
- In 2013, the Congress was ousted from power by the newly formed Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) led by Arvind Kejriwal forming the government with outside support from the Congress.
- However, that government was short-lived, collapsing only after 49 days.
- Delhi was then under President’s rule until February 2015.
- On 10 February 2015, the Aam Aadmi Party returned to power after a landslide victory, winning 67 out of the 70 seats in the Delhi Legislative Assembly.
- Delhi hosted the first and ninth Asian Games in 1951 and 1982, respectively, 1983 NAM Summit, 2010 Men’s Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games, 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the major host cities of the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
- Delhi is also the centre of the National Capital Region (NCR)
- Delhi is included in India’s seismic zone-IV, indicating its vulnerability to major earthquakes.
- According to CSE and System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), burning of agricultural waste in nearby Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh regions results in severe intensification of smog over Delhi.
- The Parliament of India, the Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Palace), Cabinet Secretariat and the Supreme Court of India are located in the municipal district of New Delhi.
- Indira Gandhi International Airport, situated to the south-west of Delhi, is the main gateway for the city’s domestic and international civilian air traffic.
- Hindon Domestic Airport in Ghaziabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the second airport for the Delhi-NCR Region on 8 March 2019.
- Delhi has the highest road density of 2103 km/100 km2 in India.
- Kashmiri Gate ISBT, Anand Vihar ISBT, and Sarai Kale Khan ISBT are the main bus terminals for outstation buses plying to neighboring states.
- The Delhi Metro is a rapid transit system serving Delhi, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon, and Noida in the National Capital Region of India. Delhi Metro is the world’s tenth-largest metro system in terms of length.
- Delhi Metro is being built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC), a state-owned company with equal equity participation from Government of India and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi.
- The Delhi Metro project was spearheaded by Padma Vibhushan E. Sreedharan, the Managing Director of DMRC and popularly known as the “Metro Man” of India.
- According to the 2011 census of India, the population of NCT of Delhi is 16,753,235.
- The Laxminarayan temple, Akshardham temple, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, the Bahá’í Lotus Temple, and the ISKCON temple are examples of modern architecture.
- The National Museum and National Gallery of Modern Art are some of the largest museums in the country.
Festivals in Delhi
- Mahavir Jayanti
- Guru Nanak’s Birthday
- Durga Puja
- The Qutub Festival
- Auto Expo
- New Delhi World Book Fair
- India International Trade Fair
- International Mango Festival
Famous Places of Delhi
- Jama Masjid
- Jantar Mantar
- Qutab Minar
- Rashtrapati Bhawan
- Red Fort
- Shanti Vana
- Vijay Ghat
- Raj Ghat
- India Gate
- Lotus Temple
Important Lakes in Delhi and Nearby
- Sanjay Lake
- Badkhal Lake
- Bhalswa Horseshoe Lake
- Tilyar Lake
- Karna Lake
Najafgarh Lake Important Forts in Delhi and Nearby
- Tughlaqabad Fort
- The Red Fort
- Purana Qiland
- Feroz Shah Kotla-nd
- Qila Rai Pithora Main Fort-nd
UNESCO Heritage sites of Delhi
Humayun’s Tomb- 1993
Red Fort Complex- 2007
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