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Static Gk – All About Maharashtra

Static Gk plays an important role in UPSC, SSC,  BANK and Other State Level Government Exams and In this article, I’m talking about Important Points related to the Maharashtra State of India like its Formation, Capitals, Districts, CM, Governer, Language, National parks and Maharashtra’s four Heritage sites

ALL ABOUT MAHARASHTRA–

FORMATION – 1 MAY 1960 (MAHARASHTRA DAY)

CAPITALS — NAGPUR (WINTER) / MUMBAI

DISTRICTS — 36

CHIEF MINISTER — DEVENDRA FADNAVIS

GOVERNOR — BHAGAT SINGH KOSHYARI

LANGUAGE —  MARATHI

HIGH COURT: Bombay High Court  

CHIEF JUSTICE: Pradeep Nandrajog (Took oath on 7th April, 2019.)  

MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY: 288

LOK SABHA SEATS : 48  

RAJYA SABHA SEATS : 19


Boundaries of Maharashtra 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south, Telangana to the southeast and Chhattisgarh to the east, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to the north, and the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the north west.


History of Maharashtra

Maharashtra was formed by merging the western and south-western parts of the Bombay State, Berar and Vidarbha, and the north-western parts of the Hyderabad State.
● Prior to Indian independence, Maharashtra was chronologically ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Deccan sultanates, Mughals and Marathas, and the British.
● The British governed western Maharashtra as part of the Bombay Presidency, which spanned an area from Karachi in Pakistan to
northern Deccan.
● It is the home land of freedom fighters like BalGangadhar Tilak, Vinayak Savarkar, Govind Ranade, GopalKrishnaGokhale,
Ferozeshah Mehta and Dadabhai Naoroji.


Geography

  • This state is 3rd by area and 2nd by population in India.
    Maharashtra is divided into five geographically distinct parts – Konkan, Khandesh, Marathwada, Vidarbha, Paschim Maharashtra.
  • This state is watered by great rivers Godavari, Bhima and Krishna which rises in Sahyadris and flow east towards the Bay of Bengal.
  • Kalsubai Peak (in Sahyadri range) near Igatpuri is the highest peak with an altitude of 1646 m.
  • Ahmednagar is the largest district of Maharashtra by area. Suburban Mumbai district is largest by population.
  • The 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election was held on 21 October 2019 to elect all 288
    members of the state’s Legislative Assembly.
  • After declaration of election result on 3 November 2019, Shiv Sena declined to support BJP for the
    government formation demanding equal share in the powe.
  • As no political party was able to prove the majority in the assembly, the President’s rule was
    imposed in the state following recommendation by the Governor on 12 November 2019.
    1. BJP secured: 105 seats
    2. Shiv Sena: 56
    3. Congress : 44
    4. Nationalist Congress Party: 54

Major Dams

  • Koyna Dam: Koyna Dam constructed on Koyna River, located in Koyna Nagar, Satara district.
  • Jayakwadi Dam: It is located on Godavari river at the site of Jayakwadi village in Paithan taluka of Aurangabad district.
  • Ujjani Dam: The Ujjani Dam is also known as Bhima Dam over the Bhima River, a tributary of the Krishna river, located near Ujjani village in Solapur.
  • Isapur Dam: Isapur Dam is an earthfill dam build over the Painganga River, situated at the Hingoli, Nanded region.
  • Totladoh Dam: The Totladoh Dam is a gravity dam build across the Pench river near to Ramtek in Nagpur.

General Facts

  • Maharashtra is the home land of Maratha Empire of 18th century. This Maratha Empire included Peshwas of Pune, Bhonsle clan of Nagpur, Gaekwad of Baroda, Holkars of Indore and Scindia of Gwalior.
  • The Maratha power declined after the defeat by Afghan ruler Ahmad shah Abdali in the Third War of Panipat in 1761.
  • Victoria Terminus which was later renamed as Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a proud historic railway station of Maharashtra and also a UNESCO world heritage site. It was built in year 1897 by Architect Frederick William Stevens.
  • It is also the world’s second-most populous subnational entity.
  • Pune is known as the ‘Oxford of the East’ due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions.
  • Nashik is known as the ‘Wine Capital of India’ as it has the largest number of wineries and vineyards in the country.
  • Maharashtra is the wealthiest state by all major economic parameters and also the most industrialized state in India.
  • The state continues to be the single largest contributor to the national economy with a share of 15% in the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Mumbai is the financial capital of India and headquarters of major banks, financial institutes and insurance companies
  • Mumbai Port and JNPT port are the two main important ports of Maharashtra.
  • The first train in India (and Asia too) ran between Mumbai to Thane on 16 Apr 1853.
  • India’s first Gold Refinery is located at Shirpur.
  • 4 out of 12 famous Jyotirling of Lord Shiva is in Maharashtra state.
  • These are Trambakeshwar (Nashik), Nageshwar (Aundh), Grishneshwar (Verul,Daulatabad) and Bhimashankar (near Pune).
  • Sai baba temple of Shirdi is the another most visited famous religious spot of Maharashtra.
  • Famous Hazi Ali Dargah was built in year 1431 by Sayyad Haji Ali Bukhari who was originally from Uzbekistan.
  • Mumbai Port and JNPT port are the two main important ports of Maharashtra.

State Symbols

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image Source – Google Images 

State Animal: Indian giant squirrel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image source – Google Images 

State Bird: Yellow-footed green pigeon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image source – Google Images 

State Flower: Pride of India/Jarul

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image source – Google Images 

State Tree: Mango Tree


National Parks in Maharashtra

  • Chandoli National Park
  • Gugamal National Park
  • Nawegaon National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park
  • Tadoba National Park

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Maharashtra

  • Amba Barwa WLS
  • Bhamragarh WLS
  • Bhimashankar WLS
  • Chaprala WLS
  • Gautala- Autramghat WLS
  • Great Indian Bustard WLS
  • Kalsubai Harishchandragad WLS
  • Karanja Sohal Blackbuck WLS
  • Koyana WLS
  • Mayureswar Supe WLS
  • Melghat WLS
  • Nagzira WLS
  • Nandur Madhameshwar WLS
  • Phansad WLS
  • Radhanagari WLS
  • Sagareshwar WLS
  • Thane Creek Flamingo WLS
  • Tungareshwar WLS
  • Yawal WLS
  • Yedsi Ramlin Ghat WLS

Festivals of Maharashtra

  • Gudi Padwa
  • Pola
  • Narali Purnima
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Banganga Festival
  • The Elephant Festival
  • The Ellora Festival

Dances of Maharashtra

  • Lavani
  • Tamasha
  • Koli
  • Povadas
  • Dhangari Gaja

GI Tags of Maharashtra

  • Solapuri Chaddar
  • Solapur Terry Towel
  • Nagpur Orange
  • Puneri Pagadi
  • Nashik valley wine
  • Paithani Sarees and Fabrics
  •  Mahabaleshwar Strawberry
  • Nashik Grapes
  • Kolhapur Jaggery

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN MAHARASHTRA

  1. AJANTA CAVES -1983
  2. ELORA CAVES -1983
  3. ELEPHANTA CAVES -1987
  4. CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI TERMINAL ( RAILWAY STATION) – 2004
  5. THE VICTORIAN AND ART DECO ENSEMBLE OF MUMBAI: 2018

Famous persons of Maharashtra

  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak – was the eminent freedom fighter, social reformer of preindependent India. He was the first person to give the concept of Swaraj (self-rule). He gave the popular slogan “Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it”. He was born in
    1856 in Ratnagiri district.
  • B R Ambedkar – was the eminent social reformer and politician and the prime architect of Indian constitution.
  • Vinoba Bhave – was the famous spritual leader and social reformer known for his Bhudan Andolan.
  • Baba Amte – the famous social worker was born in 1914 in wardha district of British india. His actual name was Murlidhar Devidas Amte.
  • Anna Hazare – is the well known social activist known for his movement India against corruption and for Lok Pal bill. His real name is Kisan Baburao Hazare and was born in year 1937 in Bhinagar, Ahmednagar district.
  • Mahatma Jyotiba Phule – Jyotiba phule along with his with wife Savitiribai Phule are well known social reformer known for their works of upliftment of lower castes, women empowerment and removal of untouchability. Jyotirao Phule was born in Satara while
    Savitribai Phule in Naigaon.
  • Azim Premji – the famous entrepreneur who is founder of Wipro Technologies was born in Mumbai in year 1945.
  • Medha Patkar – is the popular social activist known for Narmada Bachao andolan. She was born in year 1954 in Mumbai.
  • Dhanraj pillay – the former captain of Indain Hockey team was born in Pune.
  • Aparna Popat – was the famous Badminton player who was nine times National champion. She was born in Mumbai in 1978.
  • Anjali Bhagvat – the famous professional shooter was born in 1969 in Mumbai.

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